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The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Education

July 31, 2019

The Impact of Aritificial Intelligence in Education

It seems as if artificial intelligence (AI) is never out of the news. Practically every single day, there is some new breakthrough that promises to change the world. Recently, Google announced they had created AI with a memory – meaning that their systems could learn something, remember it, and then learn something new straight after.

In other news, AI is now able to take a photograph and recreate it in the style of a painting. For instance, suppose you’ve got a photograph of your mother-in-law. This new AI will allow that photograph to be re-imagined in the form of a Picasso or Edward Munch’s The Scream.

Artificial intelligence is also making a big splash in education. According the latest market research, the artificial intelligence market in the US education sector 2018-2022 is expected to grow almost 50%. How is it being used? Good question!

A report published by Learning House on current and future uses of AI in Higher Education identified four areas in which AI is impacting higher education, as well as opportunities for future growth.

  1. Student acquisition: AI can provide 24/7 personalized assistance to students as they progress through the enrollment process. In the future, it could help schools target recruitment to students who are likely to succeed at their institution and in certain majors, leading to higher enrollment and retention rates.

  2. Learning and instruction: AI can help instructors grade and supply struggling students with the resources they need to succeed. In the future, this could free up faculty members to oversee large classes while still engaging with students on a deeper level.

  3. Student affairs: AI can deliver personalized degree planning and intervene with struggling students. In the future, it could anticipate students’ academic needs based on predictive data and past performance, and then proactively supply appropriate resources, such as additional tutoring or advising.

  4. Institutional efficiency: AI can pull together information from multiple campus systems and use the data to guide administrative decisions such as course offerings. In the future, AI could help institutions understand local employers’ hiring needs and create curricula that prepares students to fill them.

One area of online learning gaining significance is the online proctoring space. If it weren’t for e-learning then online video proctoring wouldn't have become mainstream, but given what’s at stake for online course programs the demand for such a service has grown at a fast pace.

What factors are driving the growth of Online Proctoring?
  • Demand due to growth of online learning

  • Elimination of high costs of testing centers

  • Save learners' time and money

  • Not enough computer labs or available proctors to administer exams

How is Artificial Intelligence applied to Online Proctoring?
  • Pattern Recognition - AI is skilled in detecting a pattern of specific behaviors showcasing the acts of cheating. They are able to recognize the patterns and human brain can’t.

  • Facial Recognition - This technology helps to identify the additional faces in a testing environment.

  • Eye Movement Detection - With this AI integrated technology, eye movement patterns can be recognized. This will help to indicate misconduct.

How AI is improving Online Proctoring Services?

To begin with, multi-factor authentication confirms an individual's identity and artificial intelligence, utilized in the platform, flags all suspicious behavior with a time-stamp for an instructor to review at their convenience. Instructors are also able to watch a testing session either live or by recording. Many institutions choose to save time by using a premium service where all flagged incidents can be reviewed by trained proctors.

Systems embedded with artificial intelligence learn – they become more effective as they gather more and more data. Through repetitive proctoring, the systems use the data to become smarter.

PSI’s Bridge platform provides superior remote proctoring – from customizable test security, identity authentication and multi-modal delivery to custom reports and analytics. PSI Bridge™ works seamlessly with any test delivery system and supports every phase of assessment – from creation to results review.

Want to learn more about PSI BridgeTMSchedule a demo.

Webinar Outside In Putting The User At The Center Of The Online Proctoring Experience

References:

https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2017/05/10/online-exam-proctoring-catches-cheaters-raises-concerns

https://towardsdatascience.com/5-ways-artificial-intelligence-and-chatbots-are-changing-education-9e7d9425421d

 

Dr. Nancy Rubin is the Dean of Continuing and Distance Education at Northwestern Health Sciences University in Bloomington, MN.

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